How to promote the “made in China” strategic upgrade process?

Since & other;Five-year & throughout;时期以来,我国的经济增长进入新常态,经济增速表现出逐步回落的态势。In 2015, officially promulgated “China 2025”, means that the next 10 years & other;Made in China & throughout;Strategic upgrade has been on the agenda.File explicitly pointed out that to develop a new generation of information, aerospace and so on ten big key industries, and gradually promote the development of Chinese manufacturing to service, service to the production.The industrial development of the new policy is put forward, it is bound to be adapted to the current national industrial economic environment, of course is also an inevitable choice for the new economic conditions.On the one hand, global industrial transformation and upgrading trend, manufacturing industry into a pillar industry of economy in developed countries, our country is no longer pure pursuit of GDP growth, but turn policy goals for the adjustment of economic structure, promote industrial upgrading.Along with our country into a new normal phase, & other;Made in China & throughout;Strategic upgrade more in line with the inherent law of development and innovation of industrial structure, and more consistent with the new normal economic development trend of our country.On the other hand, the new economic environment, regional unbalanced development of Chinese manufacturing industry, labor advantage of demographic dividend gradually weakened, highlighted the problem such as pressure increases, industrial structure is bound to affect & other;Made in China & throughout;的发展。In order to alleviate the phenomenon, should draw lessons from the developed country industrialization strategy, fully understand and analyze the running benefit of traditional industry in China, in accordance with the “made in China 2025” puts forward the objectives and requirements, combined with industrial foundation and intrinsic factor, further promote & other;Made in China & throughout;战略升级进程。Economy under the new normal & other;Made in China & throughout;Strategy to upgrade the industrial foundation and intrinsic motivation industrial foundation, China has become the world’s largest commodity production and trade center.Commodity production scale of a country is directly related to the country’s merchandise trade scale, thus affecting the country’s commodities in the global industry developing status and value in the global industry value chain.Since the late 1970 s, change traditional commodity production and trade in our country the present situation of the smaller, start with the reform and open policy the power, enhance the global competitiveness of manufacturing industry.根据有关数据显示,我国上世纪80年代的商品出口规模仅为180亿美元,所占比例还不到全球总的商品出口规模的1%,但是同一时期德国、日本等发达国家的商品出口规模却分别达到了我国出口规模的10.65倍和7.20倍。After 30 years of reform and opening up, China’s commodity production and trade scale continues to expand, and growing in the position in the global industrial division.截止到2015年,我国商品出口规模达到14.14万亿元,并且贸易顺差规模持续扩大,成为名副其实的商品生产和贸易中心。In addition, the advantage of scale in manufacturing in our country is increasingly significant.Manufacturing as the main body of the national economy, in the context of rapid economic growth, rapidly increasing scale of manufacturing industry.In terms of trade division of labor, in the early 1980 s China’s export manufacturing scale is only $8.7 billion, accounting for 0.8% of the total amount of global manufacturing exports, with Germany, Japan, the United States and other developed countries.In recent years in the demographic dividend and bonus under the positive role of globalization, the manufacturing industry has made great development in our country, as early as in 2013, the proportion of China’s manufacturing export scale has gone up by 0.8% in the 80 s to 17.53%, while many developed countries manufacturing export proportion reduced year by year.At present, the scale of the manufacturing industry in China has overtaken the United States, Germany, Japan and other countries, the scale is very significant.Inner motivation aspect, the first large, weak industrial structure in our country, the imbalance of regional development.Trade surplus countries is the world’s biggest manufacturing industry in our country at present stage, scale advantage, but overall, manufacturing is still relatively low level of industrialization, modernization level is not high, the development of high-end manufacturing remains in the doldrums, the formation of the current organization big and weak status of manufacturing industry in China.不仅如此,在区域发展方面,我国制造业在产业分布上呈现出不均态势,东部沿海地区是制造业的聚集地,产业集聚效应和规模效应较强,而中西部在制造业发展方面相对较弱,东西差距明显。  其次,我国人口红利优势逐步减弱。从人口自然增长趋势来看,我国人口增长的阶段性特征明显。In the early 1960 s, to remove the three years of natural disasters, the rapid growth of the population birth and death rates in our country makes children’s rapid population growth, which resulted in increased population deficit.In 60-90 – s of the last century, further increases in Labour force, coefficient of raising children and the elderly population is relatively low, thus forming the low cost of labor, demographic dividend advantages highlighted.Since the 1990 s labor reduce population growth, population of demographic dividend gradually into debt, the original advantage of demographic dividend is gradually weakened.Again, the industrial structure increase pressure.The current is affected by the economic new normal, the evolution of industrial structure and economic environment with high consistency.换言之,经济新常态所带来的人口红利优势减弱、经济增长回缓以及区域发展失衡等也都制约着制造业产业结构的优化和升级。At present, the pattern of the industrial structure gradually shift is dominated by the tertiary industry, the industrial structure of manufacturing decline.By 2014, the proportion of the tertiary industry is only 48.2%, China’s manufacturing value-chain, intelligence and innovation level is not high, the phenomenon of pressure of the industrial structure.  实现经济新常态下“Made in China & throughout;战略升级,应多方发力  持续加快创新驱动转型。Under the background of current economic development stage, in order to further implement the actual demand of economic growth in China, the need to fully adapt to the phased development characteristics on the basis of productivity, change traditional investment drive, thus to innovation-driven economic growth momentum.A few years ago China’s GDP growth has brought a huge industry scale, at the same time high investment and high cost also caused the imbalance of industrial structure, industry homogeneity, industry distribution inequality problem, therefore, traditional way of investment to economic growth and can not adapt to the present and the future social and economic development needs.当前我国制造业正在向智能化和创新化进军,其产业投资形式也应转变为以创新投资为驱动的方式。通过市场化培育产业创新主体,充分利用市场、政府、企业提升产业发展的创新力。  不断优化产业价值链。In terms of industry value chain in our country, the market allocation of resources on the basis of perfecting, requires the optimization of industrial value chain, and refactoring.First of all, the positive remodeling industry value chain.按照区域发展的新要求,深切落实振兴东北老工业基地、西部大开发等政策,不断推动自由贸易区、“One Belt And One Road & throughout;等新经济政策的实施,从而实现我国产业空间布局的重构,以此来完善整个产业价值链,保证区域内产业经济的利益协调。其次,积极融入国际产业分工。通过改进我国加工贸易布局、创新加工贸易方式,实现我国产业附加值和国际制造业地位的提升。  推动制造业服务业融合。现阶段,产业边界的模糊以及产业分工的深入,为产业融合发展造就了必然之势。制造业的智能化、服务化、信息化发展,需要其与服务业的深入融合。2012年我国第三产业所占比例首次超过第一、二产业,由此形成了第三产业为主导的经济增长核心力量。服务业的不断进步,也为制造业的服务化发展提供了机遇。但是我国服务业水平还比较落后,尤其是在生产性服务业发展方面优势并不明显,如缺乏创新知识、核心技术等,这对实现制造业产业战略升级比较不利,因此应推动制造业与服务业融合,打造生产性服务业。  充分发挥区域经济政策的产业效应。在经济体制不断改革和深化的今天,区域经济政策由均衡向非均衡的转变是一种必然结果,使得产业资源配置成功转变为以市场为主导的配置结构,打破资源产业以及区域间的流动壁垒,同时兼顾经济增长和区域发展的双重目标,提升区域统筹的实效性,实现区域产业经济利益的最大化。因此,充分发挥区域经济政策的产业效应,是推动制造业转型升级的重要路径之一。通过产业政策的区域化、区域政策的产业化,加强区域之间的经济联系,如建立自贸区、“One Belt And One Road & throughout;经济区等。根据经济发展目标的变化,对经济政策及时进行改进,从而使得区域产业发展更加合理化。  (原标题:“Made in China & throughout;怎么走好战略升级之路) (来源:人民网)