China’s machine tool industry “18 arhats factory”

Familiar with the machine tool industry knows that in our country, the industry backbone enterprises have & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;The claim.Before the founding of new China, no machine tool industry in our country, only in Shanghai a few companies can make some simple machine tool.In 1952, the central held a national meeting tool machine for the first time in Beijing, for later set the tone for the development of the machine tool industry of our country.Since then, the reference of the former Soviet union experts suggest that China’s national economic recovery period in the three years and & otherContents & throughout;Period, through to the part of the reconstruction and new machinery factory, initial set up of the machine tool industry in our country, which determines the 18 backbone enterprises, they are called & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;.Metal processing (the original “mechanical workers”) was founded 60 years, in the field of metal processing, including machine tool industry has a profound historical accumulation, not only recorded the & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;A number of important historical moments, and was first reported many important technical achievements in the field of machine tools in China.Now will be the new China machine tool industry & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;List of listed below, the order is roughly sorted from north to south region, qiqihar first machine tool plant, qiqihar second machine tool plant, shenyang first machine tool plant, the second machine tool plant in shenyang, the third machine tool plant in shenyang, dalian machine tool plant, Beijing first machine tool plant, Beijing second machine tool plant, tianjin first machine tool plant, jinan first machine tool plant, jinan second machine tool plant, machine tool plant, nanjing machine tool plant, wuxi machine tool plant in chongqing, wuhan heavy machine tool plant, machine tool plant, Shanghai machine tool plant in changsha and kunming machine tool plant.Among them, the first machine tool plant in shenyang, wuhan heavy machine tool plant are listed in our country in the early days after foundation & other156 key construction projects throughout the &;.In the early days after foundation, the Soviet union to the creation and development of machine tool industry of our country has a positive impact.On the one hand, the Soviet union China machinery technical experts and the returned students from Sue engineering technical personnel in GeChang guide the application of advanced manufacturing technology (see figure 1).Producers in our country, on the other hand, to learn all kinds of production practice experience of the Soviet union, such as including & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;Industrial enterprises, to promote the high speed cutting of the Soviet union experience, to emerge in the production practice of the first line (see figure 2), model workers such as Ma Hengchang of qi 2 machine tool group, Shanghai machine tool plant of professor shen li (invention & other;Carbide terraced tool & throughout;), such as the mechanical workers have done many years of continuous reports, far-reaching influence.Figure 1 shenyang machine tool plant of the first Soviet experts in guiding the use of optical curve grinding machine (1955) the cover’s second machine tool plant Ma Hengchang team cover (1951) Shanghai machine tool plant of professor shen li (cold cover 7 1958) figure 2 “mechanical workers” on the cover of a model & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;Attaches great importance to technological innovation, continuous development of machine tool products, in the “mechanical workers” published by report, for example, such as the first machine tool plant in shenyang in 1949 after new China’s first production lathe, in 1955 and developed China’s first horizontal lathe C620-1 and began to put into mass production (mechanical workers 1955, 8 pictorial);In 1955, dalian machine tool plant began to produce a new machine tool & ndash;& ndash;Universal shovel bed, Shanghai machine tool plant successfully trial-produced new cylindrical grinding machine (see figure 3).And as in 1956, the two economic machine batch production planing machine and screw friction press (the factory in 1953 and in 1955 successfully developed China’s first large-scale gantry planer and the first large-scale mechanical press), shenyang first machine tool plant production lathe began to export, Shanghai machine tool plant to develop 3153 m grinding machine (see figure 4).Figure 3 dalian machine tool plant, Shanghai machine tool plant, to develop new product (1955) 7 illustrated in figure 4, the second machine tool plant, Shanghai machine tool plant, shenyang first machine tool plant to develop new products (1956, 12 pictorial) in 1959, the tenth anniversary of the founding of new China, wuhan heavy machine tool plant successfully trial-produced large vertical lathe, the economist in 1959 10th specially as the cover (see figure 5).Figure 5 successfully trial-produced wuhan heavy machine tool plant of large vertical lathe (cold 1959 cover 10) & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;As the core of China’s machine tool industry, their development has been attracting the attention of the industry, such as on April 12, 2005, China’s industrial newspaper published an article in the merger and reorganization no termination & other 18 arhats & throughout; JinHeZai?”Put forward some notable problems, in recent years some magazine named according to the current situation of the development of new & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;.China machine tool industry association director emeritus long beam xun experienced the birth of new China’s machine tool industry, the process of growth and expansion, in 2008, accepting a reporter to interview (XingLi show such as: “the dialogue Liang Xun: China’s machine tool industry international cooperation and merger & other yesterday, today and tomorrow & throughout;”, cold working 2008, 7), he is given to the development of industry, many pertinent opinions.Liang Xun said in the interview, after the founding of our country under the aid of the Soviet union to determine the machine tool industry & other18 arhats factory & throughout;, established our own machine tool industry system, and this is the beginning of China’s machine tool industry.Therefore, may say, & other;The machine tool industry of new China, from the outset with overseas throughout the &;.(the original title: China’s machine tool industry & other;18 arhats factory & throughout;)(source: metal processing myth)