Sixty years experiences in the development of China’s machine tool industry

machine tool industry in China began importing advanced foreign technology, cooperation in the production of various types of CNC machine tools. At the same time, through participation in the four major international machine tool exhibition, extensive exchanges and cooperation in technology, makes the technology level of China’s machine tool industry increase rapidly.In June

1979, ning river machine tool plant in the People’s Daily on advertisement: & other;Place an order directly to users at home and abroad.Throughout the &;The move to break the planned economy period, buyers and sellers meet each other way of sale and unlock the doors of the machine tool industry towards a market economy step by step.In 1980, along with the further reform and opening up, China machine tool industry to introduce foreign advanced technology, cooperation in the production of various types of CNC machine tools.At the same time, through participation in four big international machine tool exhibition, extensive exchanges and cooperation in technology, makes the technology level of China’s machine tool industry increase rapidly.

after the reform and opening up, the whole machine tool industry to strengthen the case for the masses of users and foreign machine tool industry investigation, research and analysis.Especially China machine tool association started China international machine tool exhibition held in 1989, and the media more and more analysis of the domestic machine tool market, promotes our country machine tool industry understanding of domestic and international market demand.In addition, the master machine tool design, manufacture, use of technology, through a large number of introduction of foreign advanced technology and cooperation in the production of various types of CNC machine tools, ongoing imitation and combination, the birth of a batch of such as five-axis linkage control processing center, all kinds of environmental protection machine, large and heavy, high precision machine tool products, making the industry technical level has the obvious improvement.

although the characteristics of the machine tool has its as generic technology, in the layout, structure, transmission, control, etc have in common, through learning from each other, imitation and the fast development, the energy of some high precision products at the core of the key technologies is, however, generic not to come out, only rely on personnel training, strengthening scientific research, break through the bottleneck, to realize independent innovation.Since

2006, the state further clarify the importance of the machine tool industry, strategic position, issued the state council about accelerate the development of the equipment manufacturing industry of several opinions.Followed by the national development and reform commission and formulate the special CNC machine tool development planning “, requirement: to 2010, the numerical control system of independent intellectual property rights to account for 75% of the total CNC machine;Feature matching rate more than 60%;Home-made numerical control machine tool to occupy more than 50% of the domestic market.In the policy of correct guidance and market regulation under the deepening, 2007, 2009, the China international machine tool exhibition (CIMT), CNC machine tools, CNC system, functional components, cutting tools, measuring, full of beautiful things in eyes of accessories such as all kinds of new products, especially large and heavy, composite processing, five-axis linkage CNC machine tools and so on many domestic independent innovation products listed, was welcomed by the masses of users, not only has caused international machine tool’s emphasis on China’s machine tool industry.

, however, in the 30 years of development, there are still many worth summarizing experiences and lessons.

a, lack of in-depth analysis to the overall situation, market demand, the lack of global and key development plan.

for a long time, the status quo of China’s ownership of nc machine tools, and the lack of market demand, comprehensive, accurate statistics and analysis, many statistical analysis failed to work closely with the focus on the development of numerical control machine tool technology.It’s not conform to the objective law of development of machine tool industry as a whole.

China machine tool ownership in

to 2.83 million, the proportion is 43%, the rough machining lathe finishing grinding machine (10%), technology behind the reason lies in the rough machining machine tool more and less finishing machine.30 years later, in 2008, about 5382 enterprises, China machine tool industry is about 7 million machine tool, (the United States around 2.4 million units, Japan about 1.4 million units), rough machining machine tool still accounts for more than 40%, finishing machine is less than 10%;With foreign composed of efficient automatic machine tools and CNC machine tool finishing machine accounted for 20% ~ 30%, compared to the constituent ratios of the finishing machine in our country is still backward.

2, the lack of talents, scientific research strength is weak, unable to grasp the core technology, rely on imports.

although after reform and opening up 30 years of development, but industry still on talent training, scientific research into show serious shortage.Manufacturing are floating in the surface, such as at the beginning of the founding of the seven big comprehensive machine tool research institute, has now become a general production enterprise, lost & other;Staff, crucial, organization, service & throughout;Four big role, has play a research and development strength.Due to a weak r&d, face many key technology bottleneck, a large number of high precision products rely on imports.At present, the aerospace and automobile industry in our country advanced CNC machine tool imports 70%.This is we must face up to reality.

3, host, and numerical control system, the feature and development coordination between the cutter and the lack of close cooperation.

in 30 years of reform and opening-up, the output of CNC machine tool, the consumption development soon, production are the first in the nation.But look from the product structure, mostly low, middle-grade product, is still in its infancy and high precision machine tool, key technology and core fittings long-term dependence on imports.

, investigate its reason, one is the development of numerical control system, the feature, cutting tool, the lack of careful planning, irrelevant to the development of the host.Second, generic products abroad for a long time, did not understand its core technology.Product quality is not high, foundation weak, high-grade product more difficult to develop innovation.Three is a serious lack of technical experts and skilled technical workers, on the precision of the products, quality, reliability, technology is not high, do not pass.

sixty years time, say short not short.The machine tool industry in less than 60 years longer than was in the lead of the UK;German machine tool industry in less than 60 years and catch up with the United States;Japan is also in less than 60 years, in the machine tool industry on the strength and the numerical control machine tool technology, into one of three big powers of the world.

was also the 60 years, China created a machine tool power, however, by & other;Big & throughout;Go & other;Strong & throughout;But a long way.& other;Machine tool industry is strong, has the strong & throughout;.It has become the world’s science and technology, economy, competitiveness fully proved by the history development.With the continuous development of China’s industrialization, the demand for advanced machine tools will be more and more high.Therefore, to deeply realize the law of development, pay attention to the importance of the machine tool industry, strategic position, summing up the experience of the past scientifically, solid work to promote the development of machine tool industry.